Data and Population:
In 1910 St. Louis had a population of 687,029 people out of the 3,293,335 people in the Missouri. In 1913 the Federal Reserve Bank District was established along with the creation of the St. Louis Zoo. Washington University expanded at this time creating Brookings Hall in 1901 and Ridgeley Hall, the university's library, the next year. A large number of Italians came to St. Louis during the1890s-1900's to work in the clay mines in the Fairmount area. Factory expansion increased the demand for fire brick, including what was made in St. Louis. Many of the Italians that came to St. Louis through the Illinois coal fields, replaced German and African-American clay miners. By the turn of the century, they were living on what is now known as "The Hill."
During this time recreational parks were still expanding. Tennis parks were being created along with an 18 hole golf course as well as one of the more major recreation facilities being the St. Louis Zoo. In 1908 Louis Clemens partnered with George W. Hellmuth to build the Artists Guild on 812 Union Boulevard. The partership fizzled, but Clemens finished the building and the opening ceremony was held on March 21, 1910. In 1913 the Missouri Historical Society movied to it's current home in the Jefferson Memorial Building, at the opening to the World's fair every year. During the late 19th century Ragtime Jazz Music began to sprout in St. Louis. Centered around the Chestnut Hill area between Chestnut and Market around 20th Street, the streets were lined with Rag and Improv clubs. At this time America's great pastime was in full swing, no pun intended. The American League was new at this point and they took in the Browns, before sending them to Baltimore in 1953. One of the city's greatest events of this time was the World's Fair. The fair covered 1,272 acres of land in the western portion of Forest Park. This fair was created to celebrate the centennial of the Louisiana Purchase and it brought nearly 20,000,000 people to the city. The purpose of this fair was to bring the attention of the World to St. Louis, which in turn brought on the construction of new hotels, office buildings and homes.